DARSHAN (Heb. דַּרְשָׁן), a professional or qualified expounder of Scripture. Originally a darshan expounded both halakhically and aggadically on all Scripture. ben zoma , called "the last of the darshanim" (Sot. 9:15), is mentioned in one passage as a halakhic darshan (Ber. 1:5) and in another, where, with his colleague ben azzai , he is referred to as a darshan, the exposition is mystical (Gen. R. 5:4). As the term midrash , which was originally applied both to Midrash Halakhah and Midrash Aggadah, came to refer to the latter only, so the term darshan came to be applied specifically to the homiletical interpreter of the Torah. The verse in Ecclesiastes (7:5) "It is better to hear the rebuke of the wise" is thus applied to darshanim in contrast to "the song of fools" referring to the meturgemanim who "raise their voice in song to make themselves heard by the people" (Eccl. R. ad loc.). Eleazar b. Simeon was eulogized as a "reader of Scripture, a Mishnah teacher, a paytan, and a darshan" (Lev. R. 30:1). In the Middle Ages, the word came to be applied to the professional preacher or the person who was an expert in preaching. In some of the larger Eastern European communities, a person was appointed to be the official preacher of the community, in contrast to the rabbi and the dayyan who occupied themselves with halakhah. Both the official and the itinerant preacher were usually given the title of maggid .

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Darshan — oder Darshana (Sanskrit, n., दर्शन, darśana, für Betrachtung, Beobachtung, Zusammentreffen, Philosophie; von drish sehen) ist ein Begriff aus dem Hinduismus für die Sicht und Vision des Heiligen und Göttlichen. Unter Darshana wird z. B. das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • darshan —    Darshan is from the Sanskrit root drish, “to see.” It refers to a most important element of Hindu ism the eye to eye contact between an iconic divinity (see ICONS) or a divine personage (e.g., AMRITANANDAMAYI MA, SAT YA SAI BABA) and the… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • darshan — [där′shən, dʉr′shən] n. [Hindi darśan < Sans dars̍ana, a seeing, akin to dŕs̍, sight < IE base * derk̑ , to see > Gr derkomai, I see, OE torht, bright] the virtue, uplift, blessing, etc. which, many Hindus believe, one gets in the… …   English World dictionary

  • Darshan —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Le Darshan.  Mata Amritanandamayi se préparant à donner le Darshan Le darshan ou darshana (du sanscrit दर्शन …   Wikipédia en Français

  • darshan — /dahr sheuhn/; Seph. Heb. /dahrdd shahn /; Ashk. Heb. /dahrdd sheuhn/, n., pl. darshanim Seph. Heb. /dahrdd shah neem /; Ashk. Heb. /dahrdd shaw nim/, darshans. Judaism. a preacher or teacher of Aggadah or Halakhah in a synagogue. [1915 20; < Heb …   Universalium

  • darshan — I. /ˈdaʃən/ (say dahshuhn) noun (plural darshanim or darshans) (in Judaism) a teacher of the Aggadah (parables and stories) or Halakhah (tradition and oral law) in the synagogue. {Hebrew darshān, related to dārash to interpret, expound} II.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • darshan — ● darshana ou darshan nom masculin (sanskrit darśana) Dans la religion hindoue, vision par le fidèle d une divinité, d une personne ou d un objet auspicieux (représentation divine, idole, gourou, etc.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • darshan — noun a) An audience with a spiritual leader, either private or in a group. b) hierophany, theophany; to behold or be in the presence of the Divine …   Wiktionary

  • darshan — [ dα:ʃ(ə)n] noun Hinduism an occasion of seeing a holy person or the image of a deity. Origin via Hindi from Sanskrit darśana sight or seeing …   English new terms dictionary

  • darshan — dar·shan …   English syllables

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